If you need bone grafting to repair or restore the bone around your teeth or jaw, our surgeons can help. Oral Surgery Group in New Brunswick, NJ, East Brunswick, NJ, and Middlesex, NJ, offers bone grafting procedures to repair bone and prepare patients for dental implant placements.
Missing teeth, gum disease, injuries, and other factors can all contribute to bone loss. Without stimulation from the roots of your teeth, the bone in the dental ridge will begin to diminish in quality. There must be adequate bone in the jaw to support the full length and width of the implants. Bone grafting can replace bone that has been lost due to tooth loss, facial surgery sites, facial trauma, or other causes.
How Bone Grafting Works
During a bone grafting procedure, your oral surgeon will lift the gums and place a mixture of bone material and growth factors over the area that requires more bone growth. The bone material consists of tiny granules that are taken from either your own bone or a tissue bank. Once the material is applied, your surgeon will suture the gums to protect the area of surgery.
Types of Bone Grafting
The type of bone grafting you need largely depends on the shape of your jaw and your overall goals for treatment. Some of the most common bone grafting procedures include
- Sinus lifts. Everyone has sinuses above their upper teeth on either side of their nose. These sinuses are hollow, and the wall that separates the sinuses from the roots of the upper molars is very thin. When the upper molars need to be replaced with implants, sometimes it is impossible to do so without breaching the sinus or causing other problems. Oral surgeons can place a bone graft between the sinus and the molars, making space for a dental implant to be placed.
- Ridge expansion. When severe bone resorption has occurred, the bony ridge that once held the teeth can become too small to hold dental implants. A bone graft can be placed to expand the ridge and make space for the eventual placement of implants.
- Socket preservation. When a tooth is extracted, the bone around the empty tooth socket can start to resorb or diminish rapidly. A socket preservation prevents the bone loss that tends to happen shortly after an extraction so that an implant can be planned for a future visit.
- Major bone grafting. Sometimes facial injuries, tumor surgery sites, or birth conditions require bone grafting to restore the facial structure. In these situations, oral surgeons use bone sourced from another part of the patient’s body. Special membranes may be used to help the major bone graft site heal correctly and promote soft tissue regeneration.
Bone Grafting Procedures in New Brunswick, NJ, East Brunswick, NJ, and Middlesex, NJ
We offer bone grafting procedures and dental implants at all three of our locations across central New Jersey. Major bone grafting procedures may be done in a hospital setting, but most minor procedures can be performed in our offices. Feel free to contact one of our offices for more information.